Rinaldi Report: Natchez's Sensitivity to History

by Peter Rinaldi

America has found a new sensitivity toward history, which includes removing statues of Confederate generals and altering state flags that include Confederate symbols. You can understand why black people don't like those symbols, a stark reminder of oppression. And you can also understand why many whites see those symbols as part of their proud heritage. Regardless of how you feel, America is changing and politically correct revisionism is in full swing, urged on by a media frenzy that encourages ill feelings.

How much of this change reflects the overall opinions of the general population is uncertain. Waves of revisionist history are common in America. This latest wave is not confined to the annals of professional historians but has captured media attention because of America's current divisions along political and racial lines.

Whether this is just a momentary news blurb or a trend makes a difference for Natchez. Because Natchez's history is all wrapped up in pre-Civil War mansions, mansions which were built and maintained by black slaves. The cotton wealth created by whites in the 1830s-1850s was built on the backs of black slaves.

It's worth mentioning as well that white tycoons with large amounts of capital and an ability to borrow large sums were needed as well. Despite the capital and the slaves, many plantation owners failed to make a profit and lost fortunes, including those who sallied into the indigo, tobacco, cotton and timber businesses in Mississippi in the 1800s. Slavery was not a guarantee of prosperity for the entrepreneur. The actual historical picture is complex and incudes many factors.

Will tourists still want to see the old homes, greeted by women in fluffy dresses and petticoats? Will the Natchez Tableaux be able to sell tickets, even with its new more-modern approach to history?  The Tableaux isn't doing too well now, even before this latest swing in current history. Just how far will this historical revisionism hurt us?

If it becomes unfashionable to see "Old Natchez," then that trend could bring an economic disaster to an area already hard-pressed by a generation of factory closings.

Tourism hasn't been too healthy anyway, because Natchez is competing with many other communities in the South that have ramped up their efforts to win tourists and their travel dollars. And the marketing efforts of Natchez Pilgrimage Tours and the CVB have been less than lackluster in recent years. That's an understatement. 

It's a fact that Magnolia Bluffs Casino receives more tourists and travelers on a daily basis than all the mansions do in Natchez, outside of Spring and Fall Pilgrimage tour times. Visitor tastes are changing.

What happens to a town when its tourism business is based on a history that has some unpleasant foundations and is no longer considered mainstream? Will tourists be afraid to buy tickets to the old mansions fearing they might be seen as racists?

The next few years will tell.

Right now the CVB has new and good leadership, both in its governing board and Jennifer Ogden as director. There's some talent in that organization, though many of its employees are still "sitters" versus "doers." NPT has taken the position it will do most of its promotion online. It has cut back and cut back in recent years and the results are showing.

To the good, Natchez's mansions are in better shape today than ever. The new generation of homeowners has spruced up, painted, redecorated and expanded their services to include bed and breakfast, special events as well as touring. Some of these owners have literally spent millions of dollars on their properties. The product they sell to tourists is better than ever.

But will the new interpretation of history make it difficult for Natchez to attract tourists? This is a question whose answer is still shrouded in a fog of uncertainty. But the eventual answer, one way or another, will have a dramatic impact on Natchez's economic future.

Guest Article: Black Confederates

Monroe Gooch, 45th Tenn. Infantry Regiment, CSA

This article is taken from a Sons of Confederate Veterans website. While some of the comments are provable and others anecdotal, it's fair to say that slightly less than 1% of the manpower serving in the Confederate military were African-Americans. A number of Confederate militia groups and privateers under the Confederate Navy enlisted blacks from the beginning of the war. Many state units were not enlisted into national service but remained under governors' control. These units tended to have more blacks in them than the national Confederate military. I had the opportunity to learn about blacks serving with the Confederacy during the early 1970s when I studied the Civil War and Reconstruction in Mississippi while attending Colby College in Maine. It was surprising to me that so many African-Americans and Native Americans supported the South's struggle.

What I learned is the argument that "the South went to war to protect slavery" is more complicated than what you might think." And service by black Confederates should not be overlooked. The question should be asked, "Why did they serve?"

 For the record, my ancestors were in Canada and Italy at the time of the Civil War, so I have no personal stake in the arguments surrounding the war. However, I do believe the nation is better off as one country versus two. Therefore, I have never been a supporter of the Confederacy as a separate nation or the Confederate cause.  Peter Rinaldi

It has been estimated that over 65,000 Southern blacks were in the Confederate ranks.  Over 13,000 of these, “saw the elephant” also known as meeting the enemy in combat. These Black Confederates included both slave and free.  The Confederate Congress did not approve blacks to be officially enlisted as soldiers (except as musicians), until late in the war.  But in the ranks it was a different story.  Many Confederate officers did not obey the mandates of politicians, they frequently enlisted blacks with the simple criteria; “Will you fight?”   Historian Ervin Jordan, explains that “biracial units” were frequently organized “by local Confederate and State militia Commanders in response to immediate threats in the form of Union raids…”.  Dr. Leonard Haynes,  an African-American professor at Southern University, stated, “When you eliminate the black Confederate soldier, you’ve eliminated the history of the South.”

The “Richmond Howitzers” were partially manned by black militiamen. They saw action at 1st Manassas (or 1st Battle of Bull Run) where they operated battery no. 2. In addition two black “regiments”, one free and one slave, participated in the battle on behalf of the South.   “Many colored people were killed in the action”, recorded John Parker, a former slave.

At least one Black Confederate was a non-commissioned officer. James Washington, Co. D 34th Texas Cavalry, “Terrell’s Texas Cavalry” became it’s 3rd Sergeant. In comparison, The highest-ranking Black Union soldier during the war was a Sergeant Major.

Free black musicians, cooks, soldiers and teamsters earned the same pay as white confederate privates. This was not the case in the Union army where blacks did not receive equal pay. At the Confederate Buffalo Forge in Rockbridge County, Virginia, skilled black workers “earned on average three times the wages of white Confederate soldiers and more than most Confederate army officers ($350-$600 a year).

Dr. Lewis Steiner, Chief Inspector of the United States Sanitary Commission while observing Gen. “Stonewall” Jackson’s occupation of Frederick, Maryland, in 1862: “Over 3,000 Negroes must be included in this number

[Confederate troops]. These were clad in all kinds of uniforms, not only in cast-off or captured United States uniforms, but in coats with Southern buttons, State buttons, etc. These were shabby, but not shabbier or seedier than those worn by white men in the rebel ranks. Most of the Negroes had arms, rifles, muskets, sabers, bowie-knives, dirks, etc., and were manifestly an integral portion of the Southern Confederate Army.”

Frederick Douglas reported, “There are at the present moment many Colored men in the Confederate Army doing duty not only as cooks, servants and laborers, but real soldiers, having musket on their shoulders, and bullets in their pockets, ready to shoot down any loyal troops and do all that soldiers may do to destroy the Federal government and build up that of the rebels.”

Black and white militiamen returned heavy fire on Union troops at the Battle of Griswoldsville (near Macon, GA). Approximately 600 boys and elderly men were killed in this skirmish. 

In 1864, President Jefferson Davis approved a plan that proposed the emancipation of slaves, in return for the official recognition of the Confederacy by Britain and France. France showed interest but Britain refused.

The Jackson Battalion included two companies of black soldiers. They saw combat at Petersburg under Col. Shipp. “My men acted with utmost promptness and goodwill…Allow me to state sir that they behaved in an extraordinary acceptable manner.”

Recently the National Park Service, with a recent discovery, recognized that blacks were asked to help defend the city of Petersburg, Virginia and were offered their freedom if they did so. Regardless of their official classification, black Americans performed support functions that in today’s army many would be classified as official military service. The successes of white Confederate troops in battle, could only have been achieved with the support these loyal black Southerners.

Confederate General John B. Gordon (Army of Northern Virginia) reported that all of his troops were in favor of Colored troops and that it’s adoption would have “greatly encouraged the army”. Gen. Lee was anxious to receive regiments of black soldiers. The Richmond Sentinel reported on 24 Mar 1864, “None…will deny that our servants are more worthy of respect than the motley hordes, which come against us.” “Bad faith [to black Confederates] must be avoided as an indelible dishonor.”

In March 1865, Judah P. Benjamin, Confederate Secretary Of State, promised freedom for blacks that served from the State of Virginia. Authority for this was finally received from the State of Virginia and on April 1st 1865, $100 bounties were offered to black soldiers. Benjamin exclaimed, “Let us say to every Negro who wants to go into the ranks, go and fight, and you are free…Fight for your masters and you shall have your freedom.” Confederate Officers were ordered to treat them humanely and protect them from “injustice and oppression”.

A quota was set for 300,000 black soldiers for the Confederate States Colored Troops. 83% of Richmond’s male slave population volunteered for duty. A special ball was held in Richmond to raise money for uniforms for these men. Before Richmond fell, black Confederates in gray uniforms drilled in the streets. Due to the war ending, it is believed only companies or squads of these troops ever saw any action. Many more black soldiers fought for the North, but that difference was simply a difference because the North instituted this progressive policy more soon than the more conservative South. Black soldiers from both sides received discrimination from whites that opposed the concept.

Union General U.S. Grant in Feb 1865, ordered the capture of “all the Negro men… before the enemy can put them in their ranks.” Frederick Douglas warned Lincoln that unless slaves were guaranteed freedom (those in Union controlled areas were still slaves) and land bounties, “they would take up arms for the rebels”.

On April 4, 1865 (Amelia County, VA), a Confederate supply train was exclusively manned and guarded by black Infantry. When attacked by Federal Cavalry, they stood their ground and fought off the charge, but on the second charge they were overwhelmed. These soldiers are believed to be from “Major Turner’s” Confederate command.

A Black Confederate, George _____, when captured by Federals was bribed to desert to the other side. He defiantly spoke, “Sir, you want me to desert, and I ain’t no deserter. Down South, deserters disgrace their families and I am never going to do that.”

Former slave, Horace King, accumulated great wealth as a contractor to the Confederate Navy. He was also an expert engineer and became known as the “Bridge builder of the Confederacy.” One of his bridges was burned in a Yankee raid. His home was pillaged by Union troops, as his wife pleaded for mercy.

As of Feb. 1865 1,150 black seamen served in the Confederate Navy. One of these was among the last Confederates to surrender, aboard the CSS Shenandoah, six months after the war ended. This surrender took place in England.

Nearly 180,000 Black Southerners, from Virginia alone, provided logistical support for the Confederate military. Many were highly skilled workers. These included a wide range of jobs: nurses, military engineers, teamsters, ordnance department workers, brakemen, firemen, harness makers, blacksmiths, wagonmakers, boatmen, mechanics, wheelwrights, etc. In the 1920’S Confederate pensions were finally allowed to those workers that were still living.  Many thousands more served in other Confederate States.

During the early 1900’s, many members of the United Confederate Veterans (UCV) advocated awarding former slaves rural acreage and a home. There was hope that justice could be given those slaves that were once promised “forty acres and a mule” but never received any. In the 1913 Confederate Veteran magazine published by the UCV, it was printed that this plan “If not Democratic, it is [the] Confederate” thing to do. There was much gratitude toward former slaves, which “thousands were loyal, to the last degree”, now living with total poverty of the big cities.   Unfortunately, their proposal fell on deaf ears on Capitol Hill.

During the 50th Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg in 1913, arrangements were made for a joint reunion of Union and Confederate veterans. The commission in charge of the event made sure they had enough accommodations for the black Union veterans, but were completely surprised when unexpected black Confederates arrived. The white Confederates immediately welcomed their old comrades, gave them one of their tents, and “saw to their every need”. Nearly every Confederate reunion including those blacks that served with them, wearing the gray.

The first military monument in the US Capitol that honors an African-American soldier is the Confederate monument at Arlington National cemetery. The monument was designed 1914 by Moses Ezekiel, a Jewish Confederate, who wanted to correctly portray the “racial makeup” in the Confederate Army. A black Confederate soldier is depicted marching in step with white Confederate soldiers.  Also shown is one “white soldier giving his child to a black woman for protection”. – Source: Edward Smith, African American professor at the American University, Washington, D.C.

Black Confederate heritage is beginning to receive the attention it deserves. For instance, Terri Williams, a black journalist for the Suffolk “Virginia Pilot” newspaper, writes: “I’ve had to re-examine my feelings toward the [Confederate] flag…It started when I read a newspaper article about an elderly black man whose ancestor worked with the Confederate forces. The man spoke with pride about his family member’s contribution to the cause, was photographed with the [Confederate] flag draped over his lap…that’s why I now have no definite stand on just what the flag symbolizes, because it no longer is their history, or my history, but our history.”

Books:

Charles Kelly Barrow, et. al.  Forgotten Confederates: An Anthology About Black Southerners (1995). Currently the best book on the subject.

Ervin L. Jordan, Jr.  Black Confederates and Afro-Yankees in Civil War Virginia (1995).  Well researched and very good source of information on Black Confederates, but has a strong Union bias.

Richard Rollins.  Black Southerners in Gray (1994).  Also an excellent source.

Dr. Edward Smith and Nelson Winbush, “Black Southern Heritage”. An excellent educational video. Mr. Winbush is a descendent of a Black Confederate and a member of the Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV).

This fact sheet is provided by Scott Williams.  It is not an all-inclusive list of Black Confederates, only a small sampling of accounts. For more information about the SCV or “Confederates of Color” contact Mr. Williams at e-mail: swcelt@stlnet.com.

Rinaldi Report: What's Up with the Down?

by Peter Rinaldi

Here's the good news: Natchez has a new police chief, Walter Armstrong, who seems to be a strong leader and might be able to redirect a department that hasn't seen good leadership since Ken Fairly was chief. There's also more good news: The voters choice of Travis Patten seems to be working out. Patten's job, like Armstrong's, is to direct a department that is more successful at making arrests, taking a bite out of crime. The less drug trafficking there is, the safer the community. Both men seem up to the task.

Crime is just one socio-economic factor in determining whether a community is improving or declining. There seems to be little worthwhile argument in town against the premise that Natchez is in decline, except for a few incumbent political insiders and the usual ostrich head-in-the-sand group.

Of course, the decline has been precipitated by the loss of industrial jobs and the inability of the community to replace them. But there are also other factors: good schools or the lack thereof, affordable rental housing, a sketchy labor force, poor access to transportation systems, capital formation, political infighting and race relations to name just a few. When all these factors point to the negative, it's hard for a community to succeed.

The only true political leader who swept across the Natchez stage in the past generation was Larry L. "Butch" Brown. Brown served as Natchez Mayor for three terms and changed the face of Natchez forever, both good and bad. You can criticize him for his ego, his falsehoods, his absurd politicking and spending, but at least he had a vision of where Natchez should go. And while you may not have agreed with the vision, at least he had a plan.

Mayors before him and after have had no plan other than to get re-elected. To be as kind as possible, the Adams County Board of Supervisors is hapless, hopeless and intellectually challenged. Supervisors and the aldermen can't even come up with a design and funding for a public pool. How would you expect them to create an economic miracle?

They haven't. They won't. Never.

Census figures tell the story. Adams County has a 2016 estimated population of 31,246, down 3.2% from the 2010 Census. The 2016 figures also include a large inmate population at the Adams County Correctional Center on Hwy. 84. Remember, in 1980 the population of Adams County was 38,035. That means in 36 years, we've lost 6,789 persons (birth and death rates are about the same). And it's a little facetious to include prisoners as real contributors to society. But the Census counts people where they are domiciled currently.

During the same 36-year period, Natchez population has dropped from 22,015 to 15,109, an awe-inspiring decline of 31%. 28% of the population in the city is below the poverty line. Take a gulp here.

Natchez-Adams County employment averaged 10,640 persons in 2016. In 2010, a monthly average of 10,790 workers had jobs. In 2000, 14,550 had employment and in 1990, the monthly average was 14,990 persons. From 1990 to 2016, that's a 41% drop in jobs. 

You would think potential investors in the Natchez economy would be a bit wary, as they have been since the Great Recession. But there are quite a few retailers targeting low-income consumers that have expanded here and medical services have grown as well. Medicaid and Medicare pump tens of millions of dollars into the local economy. Maybe our future is in poor people's business?

That question doesn't seem too invigorating or hopeful. The axiom, 'you can't do business with people who don't have money' seems more apt.

Despite it's fractious politics, it's hard not to have a strong affinity with Natchez. It's like having a family member you love who continually does wrong. No matter how bad he or she behaves, you still love this person and this community. You hope for hope things will get better, and they just don't. They get worse.

There are many people involved in Natchez-Adams County trying to make things better, like the new group, Friends of the Riverfront. But Natchez tends to recycle old bad ideas regularly, like a revival of the downtown association or levying higher property and sales taxes to make government more effective. The history shows local government is not effective and there's a good case to be made that increasing taxes deters economic growth and pushes development to areas that are less taxed.

Most of the extra tax money that's come from the heads-on-beds tax and increased property assessments has gone to the hiring of more employees or the payment of existing employees at higher salaries. There's never much thought given to why the extra taxes aren't sparking an economic revival. (They will never do so).

There's lots of pretend in town. Natchez, Inc. pretends it can recruit industry. The Natchez Chamber pretends its an advocate for the business community. The supervisors and aldermen pretend they are working on economic development, when in fact, they are too besieged by the hurley-burley of their regular agendas to do anything really positive in terms of economics. They grab at straws.

The two biggest economic development projects in the county in recent years were the supervisors' purchase of the Rentech-IP property for $9.2 million, a total waste of taxpayers' dollars and the upcoming building of the levee. The county does have plenty of land for development. What it lacks are good prospects in a very competitive national environment. The land protected by the levee is valuable only when there is a shortage of good property. There is no shortage here but an oversupply. County leaders are gambling that the levee land's proximity to the river will secure tenants. Supervisors are throwing the dice just like they did with the Rentech-IP purchase.

That's why the work of the Walter Armstrong-Travis Patten team could be significant. If crime is lessened and offenders actually put in jail by the judges, then the community benefits. Instead of being in the bottom 2% of safe communities in America, according to FBI stats, then we rise up the ladder and actually become a safe place to work and live.

That, in turn, attracts more visitors, more people who want to live here for the lifestyle, and possible commercial-business investors. Natchez-Adams County has so many deeply entrenched problems, your head starts spinning thinking of ways to turn things around.

Like the family member who is the "bad egg," Natchez is a place you love. But it's so frustrating and emotionally draining to hear so much bad news nearly all the time.

We do need another leader, similar in vision to a Butch Brown. That person isn't on the horizon right now. But he or she could spark renaissance of a stricken community that so desperately needs hope and progress. Let's hope that hero comes soon, because the Census figures show Natchez-Adams County is losing population at a quick pace, making it difficult for existing businesses to survive and maintain even paltry current employment levels.

Rinaldi Report: Tale of Two Cities and Their Unionization

The IP Natchez Mill in its heyday. Today the factory is completely gone and the acreage has returned to an overgrown, wooded state

by Peter Rinaldi

To paraphrase Charles Dickens, "It was the best of times. It became the worst of times."

Nissan workers in Canton just rejected a bid by the U.A.W. to unionize by a 60-40 margin.

The union-management struggles in Canton reminded me of what happened to Natchez in the 1980s to early 2000s. The conflict put segments of the Canton area community against each other. Fortunately,the union loss means 3,500+ Nissan employees still have their high-paying jobs and the community keeps growing.

For Natchez, the outcome was different.

Natchez-Adams County had benefited from its post-WWII industrialization. Several thousand new jobs came with prospering new industries. But by the late 1970s and early 1980s changes were occurring that were dramatic. As union shop wages and benefits escalated and workers enjoyed better lives, the factories' profit margins ebbed. Struggles with unions constantly creating production snafus and expensive inefficiencies. Management and labor were always at each other's throats --- not a happy environment from which to make money.

In the 1980s, Diamond International, a union shop, said it was losing money and must have a more pro-company contract to survive. It did not get the contract. The company closed forever, laying off 350+ workers. More than 25 years later, Mississippi River Corporation finally opened there with a small staff but couldn't make it and the paper recycler folded. The remains were bought by von Drehle from North Carolina, who reinvested heavily in the plant. But employment is a shadow of what it once was, about 75 workers.

Armstrong Tire, a haven for the pro-union faithful, kept losing money, in part because of its antiquated three-story factory and also because of its punitive union contract. The company sold to a start-up, Fidelity Tire, which could not make a profit at the factory. Then Fidelity sold to Titan Tire. When Local No. 303 objected to Titan Tire president Morry Taylor's changes at the factory, relations soured. The Local, with the support of its national organization, walked out, leading to a two-year confrontation between Taylor and the national union. The workers never went back. Taylor tried to make tires with a new labor force, but the factory closed due to mounting losses. Titan Tire remains closed to this day.

International Paper Company in Natchez at one time employed more than 1400 workers, paying some of the highest wages in the area. Many workers made more than $50,000 a year. Five unions were established at the plant and starting in the 1990s, the plant had difficulty making a profit.  Foreign competitors started making some of IP's products at a cheaper selling price. Those products were generally cheaper in quality, too. IP's massive payroll and byzantine labor rules made the plant inefficient and eventually unprofitable. IP went to it unions asking for relief. But union organizers believed management was lying about the change in the bottom line.

The plant started laying off people, both union and contract labor help. When Lenzing, a European competitor of IP in the fiber business, agreed to buy the Natchez plant, it said wages and benefits would have to be cut 10% or the company would not make the purchase. The unions did not believe the plant would ever close. And when workers rejected the IP-Lenzing plea for reduced compensation and benefits, Lenzing walked from the deal and IP closed the plant in Jan. 2003, laying off the remaining 590 workers.

The mill never reopened.

IP could not sell the plant and eventually Rentech of California said it would open a synthetic fuels plant there. But that never happened and Rentech sold the property for $9 million to the Adams County Supervisors, who have let the property decay. Neatly trimmed, grassy fields have 20-foot tall trees in them now. Old paved parking lots are now grown up with trees and brush. All the buildings are gone. One small factory has moved there, a tire recycler. Delta Energy promised 91 employees to the community. And most of the time had less than 20. Castleton Commodities recently purchased the plant and its 30 acres, promising to bring 50 employees in time. The rest of the IP property sits vacant.

Natchez-Adams County never recovered from its industrial closings. The county's population, which was 38,035 in 1980 dropped to 31,248 in 2016. Canton and Madison County saw population rise from 41,600 to 105,000 in the same period. Canton and Madison County's growth are also related to outflow from Jackson, access to the interstate, more progressive government, lower taxes, a stronger regional economy among other factors.

While there are many other components that played into the Natchez-Adams County closures, unionization played a strong role in the economic demise of the plants and the rapid downturn in our economy, the results of which have not been remedied to this day.

A worse ending to the story of Natchez couldn't have been forecast when Diamond International first notified the community it was having trouble making ends meet.

Canton's success story and Natchez's story of failure are both remarkable. One story has a happy ending or at least a happy beginning. The other story is almost too sad to recount.

Rinaldi Report: The Politics of Money

Many voters object to the $9 million bond issue

by Peter Rinaldi

 

The recent confrontation over the Natchez school bond issues really isn't about race. It's about the politics of money.

 

When the school board first called for spending to build a new high school, the board and its consultant said a tax increase wouldn't be necessary. Of course, that was a lie and people knew it. So the proponents started off on the wrong foot. Then when the actual proposal came in for $45 million for the new high school and accoutrements, the proposal assumed high school population would grow by 25-50%. Now how was that going to happen in the current economy?

 

Voters were right to reject the proposed bond issue: It was too big, too much and too expensive.

 

With just a few weeks thought, the school board decided to ram down voters' throats an alternative measure for a $9 million bond. Never was the public's real input wanted. Surely, the school board would schedule a public hearing. But they had the authority to run with a smaller loan, so just do it. Nor was there ever a well-thought out list of improvements that needed to be made. The thinking goes, 'if we can't get 45 million, we can at least get 9 million, without real voter approval.'

 

The school board left out the obvious need that it should encourage voter and taxpayer support for the new measure and the public schools. The confrontation and petition drive that followed is solely the responsibility of the board's actions. The school board members were a bit dumb. They deserved what they got from the public in response for being so blind to how voters view the local economy and their families' financial situations.

 

Folks can argue or get lost in 'whites are this' and 'blacks are that,' but the fact is school revenues will increase anyway, because assessments are rising, so says the tax assessor. So the schools will get more local money... maybe not enough for big repairs, but more.

 

Perhaps it would be wise for the school board to come up with its specific list of repairs it wants, publicize the list, put a price tag on each item and give the public time to digest the information and talk about the repairs and improvements needed. Then come back for the next school year with the proposal. Part of the proposal should include a better maintenance plan, not just a rehab project. Maybe $9 million is too much. Or maybe too little.

 

Of course, the real antidote for taxpayer opposition to public school bond issues is improved performance by administrators, teachers and students. But those who advocate that new buildings will automatically increase test scores and/or improve overall education are not being realistic.

 

Use this comparison. If you buy me a fancy new pair of track shoes, I will still not be able to run a 6-minute mile. However, if you train and condition me properly and give me that new pair of track shoes, I may improve my times significantly. The secret is the training and conditioning, not the shoes.

Rinaldi Report: A Time of Healing or Conflict

Adams County Supervisor Mike Lazarus called for healing and conciliation

by Peter Rinaldi

Supervisor Mike Lazarus and Mayor Darryl Grennell have called for "healing" in light of what's gone on between school board member Phillip West and many people from the community. West attacked opponents of school board $9 million loan, saying they were racist. And the opponents have responded in kind, saying he is racist. As you know, the supervisors appointed West to the school board. Philip has always been confrontational, seeing whites as in opposition to black community needs. The boycotts and federal suits were led in part by him.

I know Phillip pretty well. You would be surprised to learn that he is very soft-spoken, kind and caring. That's not the image you get when he's politicking. He's a verbal bomb-thrower much of the time. And I'm not sure his politicking and speechmaking has really helped blacks that much. He was very ineffective as mayor. And I believe he still sees many white people in a negative light, due to the civil rights struggles of the 1960s. I'm not sure he's moved past that.

What West and others sometimes don't see is that opposition to school spending, bond issues and loans isn't because whites don't want black kids to have a good education, it's because much of the money spent on the schools is wasted terribly. The Natchez public schools are awful. The State of Mississippi has repeatedly rated our public schools with an F or D grade. So when you tell the public you're going to raise taxes to support a failing system in a depressed local economy, you're going to get opposition.

Superintendent Fred Butcher is really trying to execute a turn-around. But he's stuck with a lackluster locally grown teacher and administrative corps. It's terribly hard to recruit outsiders to a failing system. And most of the students do come from poor families where education is not a priority or a perceived value. Parental support for school activities is minimal. And the testing regime imposed by state officials is actually wasting precious educational and teaching time in repeated training for testing that does not result in improved skills. Butcher and the school board want to make things better. But it's darn hard to do.

The school board should come up with a lower cost plan for facilities repair and upgrades that would be long-term, meaning the cost to taxpayers per year would lower, but the overall cost could actually rise past $9 million mark. The board should also take the time to "sell the concept" to taxpayers. Eventually, if given if budget per school for repairs and how the money will be spent, people will come around. But don't try to ram down voters' throats a $9 million bond issue moments after the same voters rejected a $45 million new school project. The time is not now. Prepare a sound proposal for a year away...and give voters the chance to exercise a voice in the decision-making.

Rinaldi Report: Incendiary Remarks

Phillip West serves as a Natchez-Adams school board member

Phillip West was a failure as mayor of Natchez. That's why voters rejected his reelection bid. Now he's set the community on edge again, this time as the defacto leader of the Natchez School Board.

Citizens do have the right to protest tax increases and school budgets, especially in light of the schools' poor performance. And the schools, including West, have the obligation to make the case that repairs and upgraded facilities are needed. But you have to CONVINCE voters your view is the correct one and seek their support. Labeling them as racist simply because they do not agree with you is philosophically bankrupt.

It's also calculated. By using the race card, West knows many black voters will automatically rally round him, even if $9 million loan isn't well thought out and lacks support. While the school board does have the authority to borrow money and more or less demand that supervisors increase taxes to support the schools, it should do so with the consent of the governed, the voters and taxpayers of Natchez-AdamsCounty.

Clearly, there is no mandate at this time for the $9 million loan. West and his school board should seek voters' support for any such package.

And now, with his incendiary remarks, that's much harder to do. Did he seek to pit blacks vs. whites? Oh, yes. That was his intent. Natchez continues to suffer as a result.

Natchez Mayor and Board of Aldermen's Meeting

Walmart, Natchez and Vidalia